Too much exposure to intense heat and the potential threats it poses to the health and safety of children

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Line drying of clothes under the scorching heat of the sun can be done in a matter of minutes, but the direct heat of the sun could fade their colors just as quickly.

Summertime is often considered by most people as the time to have fun, excitement, relaxation, outdoor activities, and sightseeing the beautiful sceneries of the countryside. But, although these things may have a positive impact to an individual, they carry risks as well. Most of these risks are heat-related when an individual is having too much exposure to intense heat.

It is during the hot weather days that we are sweating a lot. Well, that’s a good thing. Sweating is the human body’s way of cooling itself down. That’s why it’s advisable to drink more water and other fluids in order to replenish the water lost through sweating and to also prevent dehydration.

Heat-related illnesses usually surfaced during the hot weather days or summertime and the most vulnerable ones or people at the highest risk, according to the Centers for Disease Control or CDC, are the elderly, the very young, and people with mental illness or chronic diseases. Heat-illness could be categorized into these three:

  • Heat exhaustion. It is a heat-related illness often manifested with symptoms like nausea, vomiting, and headache. To treat someone who is suffering from this condition is to immediately move him or her to a cool environment, fan the body and remove excess clothing, and placing ice over the groin and underarm areas.
  • Heat cramps. It would occur with mild dehydration and the depletion of salt in the blood. They’re usually felt in the legs, calves, and ankles. This condition could be relieved by stretching the muscles along with hydrating the body with drinks containing electrolytes solution.
  • Heat stroke. It is a medical emergency and considered as the most dangerous of the three. A person suffering from heat stroke manifests with symptoms like dry but hot skin, rapid pulse, and difficulty in breathing. It may also be accompanied by severe neurologic disturbances. Bring the victim to the nearest hospital immediately.

The most common to all heat-related illnesses is dehydration. Preventing it is a must. When a person is feeling thirsty, he’s already dehydrated by two to three percent.

So thirst is not the best indicator for dehydration. The best way to prevent dehydration is for a person to drink more water than usual during hot weather days involving active outdoor activities. Parents must encourage their children to drink as many as twelve glasses of water a day.

During the hot weather days, skin disorders are also common among children. This is due to the fact that, according to a Pediatric study, younger children’s skin has a higher pH, less fatty acid content, increased susceptibility to water loss and absorption, and thermal instability. Children are prone to skin disorders because, as what their skin’s natural physiologic features may be worsened by heat, they tend to scratch more and moisturize less.

Sunburn, miliaria, impetigo, and intertrigo are the most common of these heat-related skin disorders. When kids are being exposed to the scorching heat of the sun unprotected for very long hours, they got sunburns. Sunburns, by the way, are first degree burns due to overexposure to ultraviolet radiation from the sun.

How to maintain a healthy relationship with your partner with the birth of your baby

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THREESOME. A family dinner date taken two years ago.

For first time parents, their baby’s birth marks the transformation from a couple into a threesome. Such a change is good since it could expand their horizons while, at the same time, focusing on the new family unit they have created. It is also a time for greater adjustments taking place, keeping your cool, developing tolerance for frustration, and a case of balancing act like, for example, how to keep the intimate relationship between husband and wife fresh while they have to spend so much time in meeting the needs of their baby.

Like a beautiful flower in the garden, a family grows together well over the years on unconditional love, patience, understanding, trust, perseverance, faith, hope, and communication. The birth of an eagerly anticipated baby is just the beginning. You could build on this miraculous start a strong foundation, and one which allows you to invest in a long and happy future as a close knit family.

Every relationship has its own unique challenges. How a husband and his wife, in this particular case, handle the transition in their lifestyle could bring them closer together as a couple. Here are few but important suggestions on how to maintain a healthy relationship with your partner:

ALWAYS KEEP LINES OF COMMUNICATION OPEN

This is very important. When either of the husband or wife could talk about their feelings, it is one best way to connect to the other person. It prevents assumptions and misunderstandings that would most likely occur between two people who shuts up or closes door.

MAKE TIME TO BE ALONE

Yes, you have to make time to be alone with your partner or for the two of you to go for a date or meet with friends without your baby. You could leave your baby to a trusted nanny or a relative staying with you for at least an hour so both of you could go out dating. Make time to be like when you’re still boyfriends and girlfriends.

MAKE A THREESOME BONDING

The time you’re spending with your partner and baby, is worth every second of it. You could schedule relaxation with the three of you together like walking in the park, a family picnic, or sitting quietly in your living room.

ALWAYS SHOW KINDNESS

You have to speak kindly to your spouse. Aside from having to express your kindness verbally, you have to also express it through your actions. Someone once said that kindness, whether in words or actions, are more healing to a sinking heart than balm or honey.

Why did you water the plants, Son

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My son, Nathaniel, who would be turning four years old this coming August, was seen watering the plants in this picture.

What’s in the summertime that we both love and hate? Would there be something special it has to offer making it the most important season of the year? Or would it be no different from the summers of our past.

I was surprised by the thoughtfulness of my son, Nathaniel, who would be turning four years old this coming August, when I saw him holding a plastic dipper scoop and watering the plants. I water the plants regularly, one in the morning and another one at dusk, except this morning. I didn’t say a word, but I just watched him do what he pleased.

I could tell from the look on his face that he meant business of what he’s doing. This summer is one that is special to me, I told myself. Then it’s time to intervene. “Why did you water the plants, Son?” I asked him. “Because you failed to water them this morning,” he said.

How thoughtful of him. And it bothered me not to tell him the truth about it anymore. It rained in earnest last night that the ground was still wet in the morning and I’m pretty sure the plants absorbed enough water from last evening’s rainfall. It was the first real rain for this summer.

Childhood memories flashed back on my mind. The summer of my youth—those simple and timeless joys of simply walking barefoot in the grasses, watched fellow kids run through an open field, got dirty, and to feel the warm breeze wafted through and touching our innocent faces. Summer is finally here but this one was different from the rest of summers I’ve been through.

This was different because I am a father now. Nathaniel may not come to experience exactly just the same things I had during my childhood but, right here and now, he was just like me. I looked at him and wondered what dreams he would be dreaming, what mountains he would climbing, and what joys he would be having.

Watching him grow is the delight of my life.

Eight life lessons you could learn from observing a spider

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This is a spider and it’s more than just what you think about it.

One morning in April, as I raked the falling dried leaves of trees in our backyard into a pile, I noticed that something was crawling and hiding inside the space of a one particular leaf’s wrinkle. I tried to open the curled portion of the leaf and amazed to see an eight-legged, air-breathing arthropod equipped with chelicerae and a fang that injects venom. It was a spider.

I then called on my three-year-old son, Nathaniel, and introduced him to one of nature’s amazing creatures. Naturally, his curiosity was piqued as he watched the tiny creature closely and intently. “Papa Nap, what’s this?” he asked. “A spider,” I told him. “Wow,” he said with so much joy and excitement.

It brought back memories from the past, when I was a lot younger, on how this tiny creature opened my eyes to a window of truth and discovery by changing my way of looking at things. Sure, I’ve been seeing spiders many times already but you had to see it differently if you want to find out what’s beyond the surface and what message it has to best convey to you. My son wouldn’t understand what it’s all about yet, though, but one day he, too, would.

Why I am bringing this topic here is simple: I wanted to tell people that spiders are more than just what we used to know about them. When you try to observe them closely, you will be able to see nature at its most awe inspiring. Here are eight life lessons you could learn from observing a spider:

ABILITY TO BOUNCE BACK

In life, there are hard times you need to deal with: defeats, disappointments, failures, or setbacks. The spider is showing us how to handle all these things by starting over again each time. You can start over again, too, no matter how hard life has become and no matter how many times you tried and failed.

ABILITY TO SEEK NOT THE APPROVAL OF OTHERS

When the spider makes its web, it does not go around seeking the approval of what it has created. It does not crave recognition nor of awards from some architectural and design council in the insect world. It just focused on doing what needs to be done unmindful of what others may think or say.

ABILITY TO DO THINGS INDEPENDENTLY

A spider is known for always building its own web and on its own. Each one of us, just like the tiny but mighty spider, could as well build our dreams single-handedly. It doesn’t mean you would totally abandon the need to seek out other’s help or guidance forever. But the point is you have got to start it right on your own and the people who could truly help you with it would show up later.

ABILITY TO BECOME EXTRAORDINARY

If the spider is known to only build ordinary-looking webs, I wouldn’t even notice it in the first place. But lo and behold! It created a masterpiece each time. Not to mention the fact that such a beautiful network of silk web it has created is also used to catch its food by trapping its prey.

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A spider is more than just what you used to know about it.

ABILITY TO CONSTANTLY BUILD

In case you don’t still know it, a spider is capable of building its web every single day and for as long as it needs rebuilding or repairing. It never tires.

ABILITY TO DO THINGS DILIGENTLY

You would never have an idea how long it took the spider to build its web but it works diligently until it is done creating its masterpiece. A spider is showing us how it is like when we’re hardworking, diligent, and focused on what we’re doing. The results could be great.

ABILITY TO THINK BIG

A spider is known to build web a hundred times bigger than its size. Could you imagine that? It was impressive. The spider is demonstrating his ability to think big from the very beginning and in casting wide of its net.

ABILITY TO BELIEVE FOR WHAT IT IS CAPABLE OF DOING

Who would have thought that a spider’s web, though incredibly fragile at one point, and yet so strong at another. Yes, a spider knows what it is capable of spinning. It gets started and believes in its natural ability.

So if you think that you are so weak and unimportant so that you would never accomplish anything. Reflect. You need to take time to observe a spider and learn the lessons they could impact upon your life.

Seven first aid tips for sea urchin and jellyfish stings

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Nathaniel kept himself busy scrutinizing something in the sand after having done swimming under the scorching heat of the sun, in a sea filled with jellyfish.

The last time we were at the beach my wife, including my nephew and niece, complained about being bitten by something while they were keeping themselves busy swimming in the sea. It was with luck that my three-year-old son who was also swimming in the sea with them during that time was spared from a jellyfish sting.

Looking upon the portion of my wife’s hand she said was stung by a sea creature she still has to find out what, I had in mind it was from a jellyfish thing. She said it felt like her hand was electrocuted by a tiny thing.

Having studied about jellyfish in the past, I instructed them to prepare for the first aid treatment I’m going to demonstrate myself. Jellyfish, by the way, is naturally a free-swimming, gelatinous, and non-aggressive marine animal surrounded by tentacles. There are more than two hundred types of jellyfish.

The tentacles in a jellyfish are covered with sacs called “nematocytes” and these are filled with poison that could cause a painful or even, in some cases, life-threatening sting. Jellyfish could be found anywhere in the world but the most venomous type are spread throughout the Indo-Pacific and Australian waters. So here are the seven first aid tips for sea urchin and jellyfish stings:

  • Douse the affected area with vinegar or, if no vinegar available, baking soda. You could also rinse the tentacles off with sea water. Avoid using fresh water, any form of alcohol, and methylated spirits in an attempt to deactivate tentacles as these would only cause a rapid massive discharge of jellyfish nematocytes.
  • Try using tweezers in removing any sea urchin spines or jellyfish tentacles. You could also try applying a shaving cream and gently scrape the affected area with a razor to remove jellyfish stings. Applying melted wax to the injury is also a best alternative. Just allow the wax to set then peel it off so that the tiny spines could be removed.
  • Once the tentacles are removed, you have to immerse the affected area for thirty to ninety minutes in water as hot as the victim could tolerate. You could repeat this procedure if necessary.
  • Try scrubbing the wound with soap and water. Flush extensively with fresh water afterwards.
  • Never ever use tapes or bandages to close the wound.
  • If ever signs of infection, like a pus, redness or heat occur, it is best to use topical antibiotic ointment and apply it to the wound.
  • Oral antibiotics could be recommended by a physician for infection.

Seven ways parents could help their kids to stay active

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His own way of beating the summer heat: taking his shirt off.

Why is it important to be physically active? How much and what type of activity is required or recommended? How are you going to encourage your child to get active physically?

When you’re on a regular physical activity, you’ll get long term health benefits. Human beings are designed for movement and that they could benefit a lot from being physically active. That said, the more physical activity one is doing, the greater the health benefits.

There are lots of important reasons for children, adolescents, and the adult ones to engage in physical activities or exercises. You may consider the following:

  • It helps improve cardiovascular fitness.
  • It helps develop social skills.
  • It helps build self-esteem.
  • It helps build strong bones.
  • It helps maintain a healthy weight.
  • It helps one to relax and improves sleep.
  • It helps or aids in the development of physical skills such as coordination and balance.

When one is not physically active or leading a sedentary lifestyle, that person is more at risk for:

  • Getting obese
  • Getting heart disease
  • Getting sick of cancer
  • Getting type two diabetes
  • Having high blood pressure
  • Having a stroke
  • Having high blood cholesterol

It is the role of parents to ensure that their children stay healthy by keeping them physically active. But how much and what type of activity is recommended? According to a recent study, a minimum of sixty minutes or one hour of physical activity every day is recommended for school-aged children and adolescents. It should consist of a variety of moderate to vigorous activities.

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My three-year-old son wants to reach a leaf from a tree by jumping towards it.

You may consider these seven ways to help your kids stay active:

  • Cut or limit the time spent on watching TV, DVDs, internet, and computer games.
  • Be a good role model to them by being active yourself.
  • Encourage, convince, or persuade them about the importance of physical activity and to make it a part of daily life.
  • Help your child develop physical skills, for example by walking or running together or by playing ball games with him.
  • Make sure to make physical activity as fun and as likable as possible. You have to encourage your child to find a sport he likes or enjoys.
  • Family outings and picnics should include physical activity.
  • Introduce them to traditional games of your childhood. It could stir up their interest in physical activity.

What every dad should know about andropause and how to combat it

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As men age, their testosterone naturally also decline.

When a man’s bioavailable testosterone decreases and estrogen rises, it leads to andropause. Starting age thirty, for most men, testosterone level drops. All men in this age group go through this hormonal decline although it may vary from person to person as some men’s testosterone levels dip lower than others.

As men age, their testosterone naturally also decline. It comes naturally with age, as one grows older. But in the case with andropause, levels of the male hormones called testosterone fall below the normal range for a given age.

Testosterone, by the way, is the hormone responsible for the maintenance and development of male characteristics and attributes like a broad shoulder and chest, deep voice, facial and body hair patterns, muscle mass, aggressiveness, and many more. After reaching the age of forty, there would be a decline in testosterone levels in men affecting their mental and physical well-being, including their virility. It would then become fairly common and its incidence increases as one ages.

A man who is experiencing andropause may have a number of symptoms which include:

  • Erectile dysfunction or weakness of erection
  • Thinning of bones
  • Insomnia or inability to sleep
  • Sudden mood changes
  • Muscle atrophy
  • Decrease in energy or lethargy
  • Infertility
  • Muscle weakness and aches
  • Depression and irritability
  • Low libido

HOW TO COMBAT ANDROPAUSE NATURALLY

Physical exercise. A regular, high-intensity exercise, according to a study, could boost a man’s testosterone at optimal levels. Men who are between the age range of twenty-three and thirty-five and also those who are between fifty-eight and sixty-five years old engaging in heavy resistance training, according to a study, experienced a significant increase in their testosterone levels after exercise.

Give your brain a workout. If you’re taking care of your body, you also have to take good care of your brain. The brain which controls the entire system of your body, too, needs a workout in order for it to stay healthy and functioning well. Once a person, especially the older adult ones, is mentally active he would less likely to fall prey to early senility, infertility, and even Alzheimer’s disease.

Selenium methionine supplementation. It is a powerful antioxidant and plays an essential role in the formation of important proteins in sperm. Selenium which is a micronutrient containing antioxidant properties can be found in many different foods. Fruits, vegetables, seafood, and both red and white meat are known to be rich sources of selenium.

Zinc supplementation. It is a micro-mineral considered to be absolutely essential for maintaining a man’s testosterone level. Zinc helps the reproductive processes and development of a male person, by which to include sperm formation, metabolism of testosterone, and sperm motility.

Load up on Indole-3 carbinol by eating cruciferous vegetables. Cruciferous vegetables include kale, cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, turnips, collard greens, and rutabagas. These vegetables contain Indole-3 carbinol which blocks estrogen production in the human body.

Estrogen, by the way, is a hormone responsible for development, maintenance, and regulation of the female reproductive system and secondary s*x characteristics. Other anti-estrogen foods include red grapes, seeds, mushrooms, whole grains, pomegranates, and even green tea.

Four insightful approaches to help your child become the best that he could be

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Nathaniel took time to pose for the camera as he and his cousin Yana enjoyed riding a toy car inside the mall.

In raising kids, it is important for parents to know what to do to become a good parent. They must be good role models in the first place, of course. Aside from unconditional love and complete nourishment they can give to them, children also need sufficient attention and stimulation which is to start from the day of conception and onward.

The parents are responsible for everything that contributes to the development and growth of their children. What it is they can do and provide for them, it must be their best. There’s no settling for anything less in here. After all, it’s your children’s overall well-being that’s at stake.

But there are times, for some parents, when what they think was the best they can do for their kids is actually not good enough. And as children begin to encounter people outside the family, the situation may even become worse especially if the people that they were mingling with are the wrong ones. How are you going to remedy all of that as a parent and bring your children back into the fold?

Let me remind everyone that parenting is about the responsibility of teaching children and to equip them with everything they need to have to grow into the best adults that they can be. It involves a lot of nurturing to be done on your part as you come to find ways channeling their natural energy and curiosity into positive, useful, productive, motivated, and desirable learning experiences. These are just what a good parent does and, he probably might yet be asking the good Lord at some point of his life, still not enough?

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Nathaniel and Yana could be seen enjoying the carousel ride so much.

The point is not why parents fail at parenting despite doing what they think is the right thing to be done. But failure to accept a failure is one such of a thing. Most parents fail to recognize the fact that failure, as well as making mistakes, are a natural part of the process of life, growth, and learning.

One of the main objectives of this writing is to help parents encourage their kids to freely enjoy doing their personal best instead of being the best of everything. You are going to build their confidence by simply beginning to show interest in affirming their individual worth as a person without making comparisons between them and others. You have to parent your children in such a way that you’re learning to lean towards them than away from them. Conscious parenting, if I may call it.

Approach # 1

KNOWING THE DIFFERENCES, SEEING WHAT CONNECTS

You may find it a little easy to understand about the phrase “knowing the differences, seeing what connects” is often misunderstood in a lot of ways by most people. One thing is common though, senses are involved in here. This is the basics of parenting and you can’t be a good a parent without using this insightful approach in the first place.

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My three-year-old was all smiles as he rode the wooden horse in a carousel ride.

If you’re going to paraphrase it, it conveys a very powerful message: What’s making you different from one another is why you are connected together in many ways. Connection is the way how all things in creation are programmed to do and you can’t do something about it. But as a parent, your connection to your sons and daughters is simply unquestionable and perhaps one of the keys to unlock the door of successful parenting.

People may differ a lot from other people but they all share the same need for love, respect, encouragement, mercy, compassion, hope, and many more. Each person is unique and to further support about such a fact, no identical twins are truly alike. Twins don’t share the same fingerprints and even their irises differ in some ways.

Each child is designed to feel such a strong sense of desire for connection as he continues to undergo the different stages of growth and development. Failure for your child to evolve successfully through these stages of development could pose a major problem he will encounter in his adulthood. Conscious parenting is to simply meet your child’s needs as he tries to venture through each of these developmental stages.

This can be possible if you’re eager to walk the extra mile that leads you to develop a sense of awareness about the unique needs of your sons and daughters. You are tasked to participate in your child’s point of view, whatever that is, and to turn it into something he can draw a lot of strength from as he connects back to you.

In overcoming failures, you must say to your child that failure is a natural thing. No one goes throughout life unscathed. Each person, at some point of his life, is nursing his own deficiency and defeat. As long as there are parents who are willing to meet their children’s need and to honor and value each one of them as a separate person, is why these children have already thrived.

Approach # 2

KNOW THAT FAILURES ARE ONLY TEMPORARY

People who were able to overcome obstacles and difficulties of life have one thing in common: Inspiration. It might be a goal, a person, or an advocacy. It was very unlikely for anyone to possess such a kind of courage, determination, and perseverance in surviving an ordeal without having something or someone he can draw a lot of strength from. He probably may have failed so many times already, but the fact that he keeps going yet is truly amazing.

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Displaying one of his wackiest of faces.

Parents like you, and anyone else, are not perfect. If someone claims he is then he was absolutely lying because, in the world that we’re living in, there’s no such thing as perfection. Everything is all about taking the chance to either improve or deteriorate.

You should be the first person in your child’s life to successfully convince him that failures are only temporary. You should instill a sense of optimism in his young mind. But how can you teach him about such a thing?

Optimism is something you will not get instantly and infuse into your system so things could go as smoothly as you have wished. It has to be learned and earned through proper practice. Your children must know that failure is real and that it is not something to cause such a so much worry. People learn from their mistakes and every failure is an opportunity to improve.

It is your duty as a parent to take delight in your child’s high performances but avoid criticism when he otherwise performed them poorly. Instead of criticizing, engage him in an intentional dialogue that aims to preserve his own sense of worth. Bear in mind that every time you walk that extra mile for the best interests of your kids, you are doing it all right and well as a parent. Be proactive, intentional, and dynamic in your approach.

Of course, it has to start from you. You cannot convince your kids to listen to your advices if your attitude is, in itself, questionable in the first place. You’re the role model, in case you forgot. You had to set a good example through you that would remind your sons and daughters anywhere they go and wherever life may take them that optimism is a tool that enables anyone to overcome failures.

Approach # 3

ENCOURAGE AND SUPPORT THEIR SENSE OF SECURITY

One of the best ways to keep children motivated is through the encouragement their parents are fueling out of their young, curious minds. Young children, and most particularly toddlers, are naturally curious or inquisitive. They are very eager to know everything that catches their attention.

As your child goes to explore the things around him, make sure you’re there at his side to accommodate his questioning. And he will have a lot you need to give the right answers or explanations for. Giving him the opportunity to inquire and explore and you’re there serving to encourage his questioning, he will continue to observe and wonder, and connects to you in a stronger way possible throughout life.

But it’s not always about your child asking you tons of questions you need to provide with answers, you as well have a duty to fulfill by asking him questions. You have to consciously interact through him in a positive way. By asking him simple questions about the ordinary things of everyday life, you’re on your way to discovering what he’s really thinking about. His current level of reasoning will give you a clue about the machinery of his consciousness.

Give your child enough space and time to explore the things around him but see to it that, while you’re giving him the green light, you’re there ready to support, protect, and guide. Exploration can also make your child to blindly take the wrong, dangerous turns if you’re not careful enough.

Conscious parenting is allowing your child to experience new things in such a way that you’re also connecting with him as he learns to express his unique self through the relationship both of you were establishing. If you’re helping your sons and daughters, in your own little but honest way, to develop the basic skills of asking questions, investigate, and draw conclusive truths, this interaction and connection happening between you and them, it makes sense to think you are the conscious parent your children deserve to have.

Approach # 4

BUILD THE RIGHT RELATIONSHIPS

A few days ago, I came across a quote by which I forgot the name of its author. The quote says that love is not about energy or an abstract ideal but the quality of a right relationship. Do you agree with it?

I can agree with the message the quote is trying to convey. But love, which is about building a relationship with the person other than your own self, can also be considered energy as well as an abstract ideal. You may or may not be aware of it, all things in creation builds relationships with each other. It was made possible through connections and interactions. That’s how things must function in default.

Husbands and wives enjoy the privilege of having the convenience of a long-term commitment. It is through such a bonding and interaction that they feel healed for whatever wounds each of them must be carrying from the past. Think for a moment how you can relate it well, in your experience as a parent, with the way you’re building your relationship with your children.

As a parent, one of the most important things you can do is to support your child’s eagerness to learn how to learn. Motivate him to learn to explore new things but also keep the learning process emotionally safety. And when all has been tried and done and things don’t work out in your favor, a good, determined, and conscious parent knows what to do to increase the chance of success next time.

In what way schools could really make kids smarter

SCHOOLSIt has been said that the most important attribute that schools can give students is the ability to learn on their own. Kids could learn in different kinds of setting and, in that sense, learning has become something they could see from both sides of the desk. Schools should be a place where everyone expects kids to do well.

A real emerging challenge, though, is on how to get kids of today to learn so much even by just sitting and listening. Sure, schools could make smart kids but it depends on their ability to deal with the growing need to build a culture that promotes academic distinction while, at the same time, trying to teach everyone. Here are few pointers in which schools should be doing to make kids smarter:

CREATIVE USE OF TIME

It’s a fact that there are fast learners and slow learners. One effective way in making it possible for slow learners to move along with their peers is through creative use of time and combining it with techniques such as cooperative learning. Schools should make effective use of time in the service of better learning.

CREATING A GENUINE EDUCATIONAL GOAL

The goal is something that would describe what these young learners need to know. Then, after finally figuring it out, a test or series of tests must be developed, based on that goal, that measure knowledge and skills. Traditional preoccupation with process and inputs must be abandoned and that schools focus, instead, on results.

With this method, schools are tasked to respect diversity and in rewarding the ability of students who could generate answers on their own, not merely repeating the information they have soaked up like sponges. Authentic test is designed just so students could show off in no matter what way comes most naturally to them and that’s what’s important. It should, therefore, encourage teaching to the test.

CREATING A PSYCHOLOGICAL SECURITY

This is very important. Teachers should be most knowledgeable about child development in the first place. Teachers should very well know about its importance and the way they’re going to support that in school.

Teachers and administrators in schools should agree to the fact that learning, in itself, involves more than just native ability. It must be noted also that success in school is not a product of anything but of overall development which was made possible to some extent by a child’s ability in internalizing the values and ways of significant adults. Schools should be a place where people understood children’s developmental needs.

LEARNING ORIENTED, NOT TEACHING-ORIENTED

Teachers should know the right questions to ask. Teachers should have the answers, but to the point that they must not control the questions as well. It is about shifting from teaching to learning in which the teacher becomes the manager of instruction, facilitator, coach, and one who creates the proper learning context aimed at helping the student in taking responsibility for his own learning.

In other words, teachers should not be presenters of information but managers of instruction. They should be functioning as teams of professionals that share ideas and communicate frequently. Students, on the other hand, should be learning both on their own and in flexible groups and should be playing an active role in their own learning.

COOPERATIVE LEARNING

Someone once said that “cooperation is the basic phenomenon that distinguishes our species.” It should be understood as the underpinning for everything. Cooperation means students collaborate in a common environment where they can share their talents and skills in a way that benefits everyone.

PARENT’S INVOLVEMENT

There should be parents’ involvement in schools wherein they would be given time and opportunity for an open forum with teachers concerning their kids. When there is an open communication between parents and teachers, kids could only benefit a lot from it in a positive way.

How to beat the heat and enjoy the summer with your toddler

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Nathaniel took his t-shirt off due to intense heat.

Beating the heat is one way you and your toddler could best enjoy summer together. Summer is a time to have fun and create new memories and adventures. However, it’s also a time when you, as a parent, should be more careful and wary as there are still inevitable hazards leading to accidents or injuries, for example, that could result from being careless.

Sure, there are lots of wonderful things to experience during summer. But it also calls for clever ideas that could keep you and your toddler cool and safe throughout. The following tips should be considered in order to have a good, safe, full of fun, and memorable summer experience of your life with your toddler:

DON’T FORGET TO KEEP HIM AND YOU HYDRATED

The intense summer heat could rapidly reduce fluids in the body through excessive sweating. When your toddler is hyperactive, it means he could sweat a lot more than the normal ones do.

Loading up on thirst-quenching drinks rich in electrolytes is advisable. But consuming more natural fruit juices is ideally the best.

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Applying a sunblock lotion before going out into the sun.

DRESS HIM AND YOU FOR THE SEASON

Wear cotton, bright-colored clothes. It should be as light weight as possible. You could also make your toddler try the topless when it has to (it’s one way to keep the body release some excess heat.)

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Natnat held his cousin Andrea’s hands as they tried to wade into deep waters together.

PROTECT HIM FROM THE HARMFUL ULTRAVIOLET RAYS OF THE SUN

Use or apply sunblock or sunscreen before going out into the sun. It could either be a lotion or a cream. Make sure that it has at least SPF (Sun Protection Factor) 45 and reapply as needed. As for the eyes, wearing sunglasses is a must to protect the eyes from the damaging rays of the sun.

KEEP A FIRST AID KIT

Aside from food and water, don’t forget to always bring with you a first aid kit wherever you go. You could never tell, but toddlers could get cuts and scrapes so it’s better to prepare for the worst. You should keep with you a list of emergency numbers as well, just in case.

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Nathaniel was learning to ride the “salva vida.”

AVOID TOO MUCH SUN EXPOSURE BETWEEN 10AM TO 3PM

Sun exposure between 10 AM to 3PM is considered a danger zone. It could cause heat stroke to individuals with delicate health conditions. There is also a great risk for an individual to get skin cancer with too much sun exposure within this hour range.