With the creation of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child or (UNCRC) which was adopted by the UN in November 1989 and with one hundred ninety four countries showing support by signing up, the world was introduced for the first time to a powerful idea that can be used as a catalyst for change in the way human beings should be treating their children. In case you have no idea what are child rights all about or if ever this is your first time to hear on the subject as a parent, then this is your best opportunity to know what are these rights of every child many have thought didn’t exist or even ignored. The UNCRC, consisting of fifty four articles and being the first legally binding international convention to support and affirm human rights for all children and young people under the age of eighteen, should continue to become an instrument that looks after the best interests of children as well as in every decision affecting them. Hence, every child has the right to:
BE CARED FOR
In Article three it was stated that all organizations directly or indirectly concerned with children should joined hands in working together what is best for every child. Examples of these organizations are health service, schools, social welfare, and more.
Each child has the right to be registered, to have a birth certificate, that is, as explained in Article seven.
And that the families who live in different countries have the right to be together and to get to live in the same place, as expressed in Article ten.
Article nine states about the child’s right to stay in contact with both parents, in case they have decided to live apart. Also in Article nine clarifies that a child should not be separated from his or her parents unless it is for his or her own good. For instance, if a parent is hurting his or her child or not taking care of him or her.
Article nineteen says that all children should be protected from violence, neglect, abuse, and that the governments in which these children belong should be protecting them.
In Article thirty two, it says that children should not be allowed to do work that may put them at risk of danger, their health might suffer, or for reasons that prevent them from going to school.
Article thirty three: Children should be protected from dangerous drugs, and from the business of making or selling them in which they may be exploited.
Article thirty four is about the child’s right to protect his own body from anyone who tries to do anything even against his or her will and that grown-ups should be the ones to give them protection.
BE COUNTED, REPRESENTED, AND PARTICIPATED
Article seventeen: All children have the right to information from radio, television, newspaper, and the internet. These media should provide or as a rich source of information in which children could learn and understand. Article sixteen is all about the child’s right to privacy.
The right to meet and make friends with, and join clubs with other children is given emphasis in Article fifteen. While in Article thirteen, on the other hand, is all about the children’s right to find out things, and say or express what they think through writing, speaking, sketching, and other form of creative expressions unless it breaks the rights of others.
Article twelve is for the children to be able to freely give their opinion when the adults in their lives are making a decision that will directly or indirectly affect them, and these adults should be taking it seriously.
FREEDOM OF EXPRESSION
Article fourteen: All children have the right to think, and in believing what they want. They have also the right to freely choose and practice their religion. Also stated in article fourteen that parents should be the ones to help their children learn what is right and what is wrong.
Children who are refugees or seeking asylum in another country have the right to special protection. They all have uniform rights as children who were born in that country (Article twenty two.)
In Article thirty, children coming from a minority group should be given the right to learn and use the language and customs of their families as well as to practice their own religion and use their own language.
EDUCATION AND PLAY
Article twenty eight is very promising as it gives emphasis on the importance of education. All children have the right to an education. Article twenty nine explains why education is important: Education should prepare children to live responsibly and peacefully in a free society.
Education should teach children to respect the natural environment. It should be something that will teach them to respect their parents, elderlies, their culture and also that of other people. The purpose of education is to develop every child’s greatest potential, be it in his or her personality, talents, and mental and physical abilities.
Article thirty one should remind as that every child has the right to relaxation, play, and to get involved or join a wide range activities.
REHABILITATION AND CARE
Take note that in Article thirty eight, it says that children under the age of sixteen years should not or prevented from taking a direct part in any dispute or conflict. Special protection and care should be given or provided to children who are affected by an armed conflict.
Article thirty nine says that all children who have or are suffering, in any way, should have a right to take shelter or get help in a safe place, to help them recover.
SURVIVAL AND DEVELOPMENT
The right to life for every child is stated in Article six. Article twenty three: Disabled children, either mentally or physically, have a right to special care and education so they could lead full and independent lives.
All children have a right to be healthy and to be provided with good quality health care. They should be provided with nutritious foods, clean water, and a clean environment so they could stay healthy (Article twenty four.)
It is the Government’s primary duty to help families who cannot afford to provide a decent standard of living for their young children. Every child should have a right to a decent standard of living (Article twenty seven.)