All of us have experienced have experienced unfortunate cases of loose bowel movement at some point in our lives. Loose bowel movement or also known as diarrhea is common with infants and young children. The following are five most effective ways to prevent diarrhea in infants and young children:
THE IMPORTANCE OF BREAST FEEDING
While breastfeeding is slowly declining in most developing countries, especially among the more educated, richer, more urbanized, elite groups, its importance could never be diminished, ignored, and discounted. Some of the reasons for this decline are due to such a belief that bottle feeding is more modern, persuasive formula milk advertisement, inconveniences of breastfeeding including such a belief that one couldn’t breastfeed adequately.
The first six months of a child’s life should only be for breastfeeding. No other food must be introduced except breastmilk alone, not even water. It has been proven and tested that exclusively breastfed babies are much less likely to get diarrhea.
THE IMPORTANCE OF USING PLENTY OF CLEAN WATER
Using plenty of clean water helps protect families from diarrhea. Contaminated water is like a bomb waiting to explode anytime. It’s best to ensure the safety and cleanliness of the water every family is consuming. People could reduce their risk of diarrhea by using the cleanest available water and to protect it from contamination, at the source and in the home.
THE IMPORTANCE OF IMPROVED WEANING PRACTICES
Weaning is the process by which the infant gradually becomes accustomed to the adult diet. It is a transition from milk alone diet to the regular meals of the family. It is a hazardous and critical period for infants as wrong method or poor weaning practices may result to diarrhea.
THE IMPORTANCE OF HAND WASHING
Parents could help protect their young children against diarrhea by introducing/adopting certain hygiene practices. Although these practices may differ from one culture to another, it is important to at least include proper hand washing.
THE IMPORTANCE OF PROPER DISPOSAL OF BABIES’ STOOLS
Hygienic disposal of the stools of young children is universally important. Human stools or wastes could be very dangerous because they may be transmitting diseases to other kids and parents. These stools or human wastes should be disposed of quickly and hygienically.
THE IMPORTANCE OF MEASLES IMMUNIZATION
Measles immunization also prevents the diarrhea in infants and young children that often accompanies or follows it. Diarrhea which is associated with measles is particularly severe, is often dysentery, and is more likely to lead to death than most diarrheas in children.